Researchers must obtain the signed informed consent of participants prior to conducting their research.
For participants younger than 18 years of age, the researcher must obtain the signed informed consent of parents or legal guardian and all reasonable attempts must be made to obtain each participant's assent, which is defined as the participant's agreement to participate in the study.
Guidelines for Writing Informed Consent Forms
Informed consent must include the following in sequential order and in language which the participants can understand:
Using Deception in Research
In situations where participants will be deceived, items 1 and 2 are omitted and participants are told (on the signed form) that disclosure of the purpose and/or methodology could bias the outcome of the study.
In this case, after the study is complete, each participant must be given a written description of the purpose and methodology as carried out and said description must be signed by the participants after the fact in order to guarantee informed consent.
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Updated December 11, 2013